Namsang Borduria Fund (NBF) was formed in 1948 after the Chiefs of Namsang and Borduria entered into an agreement with the Government of N.E.F.A. to lease their lands and use the revenue thus generated for the overall development of the Nocte tribe. The Agreement was signed between Shri Bipin Kumar Borgohain, the then Political Officer of Tirap Frontier Tract. In the Agreement it was defined that the forest of Namsang and Borduria would be managed by the Government for a period of fifty years.
In the 1970s, Shri K.A.A. Raja, the then Political Officer of Tirap Frontier Tract found that the amount received by the chiefs was not appropriately used. Therefore, he transformed the original agreement into a trust and thus, the Namsang-Borduria Fund (NBF) was created. Later he was designated as Deputy Commissioner, Khonsa. The NBF was made as a trust and the Deputy Commissioner of Tirap was made the Executive Chairman.
The Namsang Borduria Fund was the brainchild of Dangwang Lowangdong, Chief of Namsang and Towang Lowangdong, Chief of Borduria. It is a unique developmental agency which was formed in 1948 after the Chiefs of Borduria and Namsang entered into an agreement with the Government of India, who was represented by the Lieutenant Governor of North East Frontier Agency (N.E.F.A.), the District Commissioner of Tirap and the Chief Conservator of Forests (N.E.F.A.). Towang Lowangdong, was the first to enter into the agreement on 5 September 1948 and leased out an area of 38.1 square kilometres of his forest. Dangwang Lowangdong, entered into the agreement on 3 November 1948 and leased out an area of 107.62 square kilometres of his forest. On the part of Namsang, the agreement was actually signed by Boangwang Lowang, who was the Acting Chief of Namsang ever since his elder brother Jawang Lowangdong died living behind his minor son Dangwang, and so Boangwang was the chief until Dangwang had attained adulthood.
As per the agreement, 75 per cent of the forest revenue is to be given to the Chiefs and 25 per cent to the government. Out of the 75 per cent, the Chiefs received an annual honorarium. The remaining revenue amount is used for the social and economic development of the Nocte tribe. Earlier, the matters of the NBF were brought before the Governor of Arunachal Pradesh, but at some point, the Governor gave full autonomy on the matters of NBF to the Chiefs of Namsang and Borduria and the District Commissioner of Tirap.
The Deputy Commissioner of Tirap district acts as the Chairperson of the NBF and all the meetings and decisions are taken after prior consultation with the Chairperson. As of 2020, the Chairperson of the NBF is Smt. Bhanu Prabha. The Chairperson is also one of the Trustees of the NBF.
The Chief of Namsang and the Chief of Borduria are the most important and permanent members of the NBF Committee. They are the Trustees of the NBF. As of 2020, Shri Wanglin Lowangdong is the Chief of Borduria and the son of Towang Lowangdong. He is also the legislature from 57 Borduria-Bogapani (ST) Constituency and have served as the Minister of Education, the Speaker of Legislative Assembly and the Advisor to the Chief Minister. Shri Sanwang Lowangdong is the Chief of Namsang and the grandson of Dangwang Lowangdong. His father, Shri Khamwang Lowangdong died when he was young and so, Shri Fowang Lowangcha is the Acting Chief of Namsang until Sanwang comes of age.
The Chief of Namsang is entitled to appoint any four persons in the Advisory Committee. As of the 2020, the four members are:
1. Shri Fowang Lowangcha
2. Shri Wangpon Lowangcha
3. Shri Nyekwang Lowang
4. Shri Hatwang Lowang
All the four members are from Namsang only.
Like the Chief of Namsang, the Borduria Chief is also entitled to appoint any four persons in the Advisory Committee. As of 2020, the four members are:
1. Shri Tumwang Lowang
2. Shri Tingney Tangjang
3. Shri Hatey Hosai
4. Shri Hangcha Tonrang
Unlike his Namsang counterpart, the Chief of Borduria has appointed the committee members from different villages. Shri Tumwang Lowang is the Chief of Khela, Shri Tingney Tangjang is a resident of Kaimai, Shri Hatey Hosai is a resident of Terung and Shri Hangcha Tonrang is a resident of Kapu.
The NBF Advisory Committee have one permanent person who is invited to all of its meetings. As of 2020, Shri Wangpha Lowang, Executive Director of Nocte Timber Company Limited (NTC), Deomali, is the Special Invitee. The NTC is now liquidated and was the richest industry in Arunachal Pradesh in the 1990s. The Advisory Committee also invites person(s) concerned with the meeting agenda.
The NBF has twenty-four employees who receive a decent monthly payment from the treasury of the trust. The following is the list of employees of the NBF as of 2016:
1. Administrative Officer, Khonsa
2. Upper Divisional Clerk, Khonsa
3. Lower Divisional Clerk, Khonsa
4. Peon, Khonsa
5. Peon, Deomali
6. Watchman, Khonsa
7. Building Supervisor, Deomali
8. Driver, Khonsa
9. Two workers at NTC Ltd., Deomali
10. Watchman at Rangsom Hum, Deomali
11. One Watchman at Rangsom Hum, Khonsa
12. One Maid at NBF Residential Quarter, Khonsa
13. Ten maintenance workers at NTC Ltd., Deomali
14. One part-time sweeper, NBF Office, Khonsa
The NBF also has the provision for honorarium as of 2016 for the following:
1. District Commissioner of Tirap receives
2. FAO, Khonsa
3. Three Namghars (Religious place of the Chiefs)
4. NBF Accountant
5. Personal Assistant to DC Tirap
6. Auditor NBF
7. Allowance of NBF Advisory Committee Members
8. Chief of Borduria and Namsang
1. In 1962, the NBF played an important role in the set up of Nocte Timber Company Limited, popularly known as NTC. NTC was the first timber industry in Tirap and Arunachal Pradesh.
2. Inspired by the flourishing growth of NTC Ltd, the NBF set up another timber industry called, Narottam Co-operative Industries Limited in 1972. It under the co-operative fold with more local participation.
The revenue earned by the NBF is used for the infrastructural development of Nocte inhabited areas. The following are the development activities undertaken by the NBF every year:
1. Development schemes for Namsang area
2. Development schemes for Borduria area
3. Chalo Loku Festival Committee, Khonsa
4. Chalo Loku Festival Committee, Deomali
5. DC Tirap Discretionary Provision on Chalo Loku
6. Towang Lowangdong Scholarship
i) First in order of merit receives Rs. 10,000
ii) Second in order of merit receives Rs. 5,000
Third in order of merit receives Rs. 2,500
Apart from the infrastructural development, the NBF diverts a considerable amount of its revenue for the following:
1. Annual financial aid to the poor and needy tribal students of Tirap.
2. Annual grants for specialized treatments like cancer etc. to the tribal patients of Tirap.
3. Annual grant for other medical aid to the tribal patients of Tirap.
4. Relief materials in case of fire accidents and others in Tirap.
5. One-time grant-in-aid for UPSC Main Exam students from Tirap.
6. As per the situation, the NBF contributes for one-time financial grants to certain developmental activities such as:
i) One-time annual grants to the development of Wangcha Rajkumar Govt. College in 2015.
ii) One-time annual grants to Namsang for the installation of log-drum.
The NBF had the controlling majority of 61 per cent shares in the multi-crore Nocte Timber Company Limited (NTC) by 1980. On 17 November 1962, Nocte Timber Company Limited (NTC) was incorporated and set up at Deomali in Tirap district by the British owned Assam Railway and Trading Corporation Limited (ARTC). It was classified as a non-government company and was a subsidiary of the Arunachal Pradesh Forest Corporation (APFC) and was registered at Registrar of Companies, Shillong. The industry had an equity base of Rs. 6 lakhs against 60,000 shares. It mainly produced commercial plywood and allied products like marine plywood, shuttering ply, block boards, flush doors etc. and a marginal amount of sawn timber. It had employed 545 regular workers. By 1985, NTC alone produced products worth Rs. 17.05 crores, which is equivalent to Rs. 343.77 crores in 2020. There were two more timber industries at Deomali like Narottam Co-operative Industry Limited (NCI) and Narottam Udyog Limited which produced goods, by 1985, worth Rs.11.74 crores, which is equivalent to Rs. 237.34 crores in 2020.
On 12 December 1996, a bench of Supreme Court of India led by Chief Justice J.S. Verma passed an interim order directing that tree-felling and non-forestry activity in forests across the country be stopped with immediate effect. The top court of India acted upon the Writ Petition (Civil) No. 202 of 1995 filed by a Kerelean conservationist, T.N. Godavarman Thirumulpad. As a result, timber industries of Tirap such as Nocte Timber Company Limited (NTC), Narottam Co-operative Industry Limited (NCI), Narottam Udyog Limited, Jenny Mill etc. came to a grind halt leading to mass scale unemployment, loss of thousand metric tonnes of timber logs, crores of rupees and untold miseries to the lives of thousands of native businessmen.
Since, the NBF had the majority share in the NTC Ltd., the members of NBF are included in the liquidation process of the NTC Ltd. The final liquidation process of the NTC Ltd. Was done in the NBF Advisory Committee meeting held on 3 July 2012 at K.V.K. Conference Hall, Deomali under the chairmanship of Kamlesh Joshi, IAS, District Commissioner of Tirap.
The meeting was attended by:
1. Wanglin Lowangdong, Chief of Borduria
2. Khamwang Lowangdong, Chief of Namsang
3. Wanglong Rajkumar, Member
4. Wangpon Lowangcha, Member
5. Hatwang Lowang, Member
6. Tumwang Lowang, Member
7. Tingney Tangjang, Member
8. Hangcha Tonrang, Member
9. Wangpha Lowang, Executive Director, NTC Ltd.
10. G. Singpho, SDO, Deomali
11. Executive Engineer (P.H.E.), Khonsa
12. Assistant Engineer (Power), Deomali.
The Superintendent of the NBF informed that the liquidation amount of the NTC Ltd. was transferred to NBF bank account from the liquidation account.
The Committee decided the following on the matters of the existing electricity connection and water supply connection in the NTC Ltd. Complex, Deomali:
1. The Power department will maintain all the electricity connections in the NTC Ltd. Complex and the electricity bills be raised individually against the concerned occupants of the building and not in the name of NTC. The electricity bill against the factory will be now raised against the Central Reserve Police Force, who has occupied the said building now.
2. The PHE Department will henceforth provide water supply to the NTC Ltd. Complex through their own source or by using the water pump of NTC Ltd. necessary water charge be realized from the concerned users.
3. The members unanimously opined to retrench the existing staffs of the NTC Ltd. and to refrain following ten staff out of the existing twenty-four staff. The services of the other staffs will be terminated from 1 August 2013. The salary for the month of July 2013 of the mentioned staff will be paid by the NBF.
4. The members unanimously approved the proposal for appointing Wangpha Lowang, Executive Director of NTC Ltd., as Special Invitee of NBF Advisory Committee.
5. The Committee approved for payment of one-month salary to Sachin Shinde, the then DC Tirap, and the Superintendent of NBF, as special honorarium for the service rendered for the early completion of the liquidation process of NTC Ltd., Deomali.
6. Wanglin Lowangdong suggested to hand over some portion of NTC Ltd. land to the Government for establishing the Wangcha Rajkumar Government College after taking necessary compensation.
7. Wanglong Rajkumar suggested for converting the NTC Ltd. factory to any income generating industry.
On 9 August 2017, Smt. Sarah Wanglat, an advocate from Borduria village, filed an Right to Information (RTI) against the NBF to provide document copies for a total of eleven points.